Tuesday, January 21, 2020

America Must Lower the Drinking Age Essay -- Legal Alcohol Consumption

America Must Lower the Drinking Age The current drinking age in the United States of America is 21. There are some people who agree with the current drinking age even some who think it should be raised. On the other hand, a number of people feel that the current drinking age produces more problems than it prevents (â€Å"Cross Fire†). The United States has unsuccessfully tried prohibition legislation not once, but twice in the past. These laws were eventually done away with due to the inability to enforce and the repercussion towards them that ended up causing even more trials and tribulations (Engs). â€Å"Prohibition demonstrates beyond a doubt that drinking and the problems caused by drinking cannot simply be eliminated from the United States† (Olson). In the present day, the government is still reiterating the same mistakes that they made in past attempts (Engs). Research from the early 1980’s until present-day shows a decrease in per capita consumption instead, there has been an inc rease in other problems involving excessive and negligent drinking amongst college students after the twenty –one year old law in 1987 (Engs). The current drinking age of 21 is not effective and is causing other social problems. (Engs). This calls for us as a nation to change our existing drinking law. The drinking age of twenty-one is a paradox of age eighteen as the age of consent. â€Å"The age of consent is defined to be the age at which the person becomes able to make responsible decisions† (â€Å"Why the US Drinking Age Should Be Lowered to 18†). The government needs to start genuinely treating eighteen year-olds like the adults the U.S. constitution says they are (Barnes). The United States entrusts eighteen year-old citizens with ... ...eb. 2000. The Lycos Network. 3 Oct. 2001 http://www.studentadvantage.lycos.com/lycos/article/0,4638,c5-i53-t0-a23235,00.html Engs, Ruth. Forbidden Fruit. Winter 1999. 3 Oct. 2001 http://www.indiana.edu/~engs/articles/fruit.html Ford, Gene. Expert Opinion. 3 Oct. 2001 http://www.2.postdam.edu/alcoholinfo/ExpertOpinion/LowerDrinkAge.html Harald Net. â€Å"Parents cannot rely on the drinking-age laws.† Herald Net 18 June 2001. 3 Oct. 2001 http://www.heraldnet.com/Stories/01/6/18/13878319.cfm Nichols, Hans. â€Å"Getting Drunk on Rebellion.† Insight 9 Oct. 2001 http://www.insightmag.com/archive/200107174.shtml Olson, Steve. Alcohol in America: Taking Action to Prevent Abuse. 1985. 9 Oct. 2001 http://emedia.netlibrary.com/reader/toc.asp?cu_id=19302 Why the US drinking age should be lowered to 18. 9 Oct. 2001 http://www.web.mit.edu/ecoder/www/drinking.html

Monday, January 13, 2020

Analyzing Supply of Demand Simulation

Analyzing Supply of Demand Simulation ECO/365 January 31, 2010 Analyzing Supply of Demand Simulation Supply and demand is a significant element of business procedures thus this paper will evaluate how supply and demand affects a business via a simulation provided by the University of Phoenix. In this paper, I will talk about the reasons for changes that occur in supply and demand. I will talk about how shifts in supply and demand influence the organization’s decision making process as well. I will also cover the four key points established within the reading assignments and how they relay to the simulation and how every theory can be related to situations in a workplace environment. This paper will establish how price elasticity of demand influences the decisions of the consumer and the organization. Changes in Supply and Demand There are quite a few factors that influence supply and demand in the simulation. These factors demand for the apartments, the availability of the apartments, the price of the apartments, the quantity of people or renters who are interested. According to the simulation, a demand curve is downward sloping. During the simulation, as the price of the apartments decreased, demand for them increased. The supply curve, however, is sloping upwards. The number of two-bedroom apartments increased as the price increased. An excess in the industry for the apartments make use of downward demands on the price for the apartments. So therefore in order for GoodLife to attract renters, they would need to lower their prices. Shifts that Affect Decision Making The different shifts in supply and demand affects decision making in several ways in regard to the simulation. In the simulation the changes that GoodLife were trying to make as well as the changes in the population of Atlantis had an effect on the supply and demand of the simulation. Since the renters changed their preferences, the demand for the apartments that GoodLife offered decreased. GoodLife then decided to renovate the apartments and make them into condominiums that they could for sell. By doing this, GoodLife caused a decrease in the supply as well as a decrease in the demand. Given that, the supply and demand curve equally moved to the left. Four Key Points Four key points in the simulation were supply and demand, equilibrium, shifts in the supply and demand, and price ceilings. The simulation is based on supply and demand and is very helpful in understanding the different factors that can affect it. According to the simulation, a demand curve is downward sloping. According to our text, a demand curve illustrates how a â€Å"change in the price level will change aggregate expenditures on all goods and services in an economy† (Colander, 2010). In reference to the simulation, as the price for the apartments decreased, demand increased. The supply curve, on the other hand, is upward sloping. The number of two-bedroom apartments increased as the price increased. Equilibrium is a concept in which opposing dynamic forces cancel each other out. In other words, equilibrium can be described as the position at which quantity demanded meet up with the supply that is presented. The quantity demanded will surpass the quantity supplied which can possibly lead to shortages, if prices are below the equilibrium point. At this point, the prices have a tendency to rise in order to increase the supply until the equilibrium is met. A shift in the demand curve can occur because of a change in the income, a change in the price or a change in tastes. A shift in the supply curve can because of change in the costs of production, a change in technology, or a change in price of goods. A price ceiling takes place when the government places a legal limit on how high the price of a product can be. In order for a price ceiling to be successful, it must be put below the market equilibrium. Applying Simulation to Workplace The impact of supply and demand changes can have a big influence over the software industry. The technology involved in the software industry never really stays at the same level because technologies constantly change. However, if you were to take a closer look at things, computers and software evolve about every six months to a year and half; hence the reason technology is the constant factor that prompts change in the software industry. Elasticity of Demand Price elasticity of demand refers to the way prices change in correlation to the demand. People with lower incomes are inclined to have lower price elasticity because they have less money to spend. People with a higher income are inclined to have higher price elasticity since he can afford to spend more money. In both cases, â€Å"ability to pay is negotiated by the intrinsic value of what is being sold. If the thing being sold is in high demand, even a consumer with low price elasticity is usually willing to pay higher prices† (WiseGeek,  2010). Basically, goods or services presented at a lower price lead to a demand for greater quantity. Price elasticity of demand also explains that price becomes more elastic, because consumers can always choose to buy a good or service that is cheaper, in this case, prices will change with demand. In addition to this, completion for a certain good or service can also affect price elasticity of demand because it keeps prices lower. In summary, according to the simulation process, the demand curve is sloping downward, which causes the quantity demand to increase as the price decreases. The suggestion was for the management company to decrease its rental rates, which would therefore increase the demands for apartments. The supply curve is sloping upward, so therefore the quantity supplied increases as the price decreases. As stated, the quantity demanded balances out the quantity supplied at the equilibrium point. Nevertheless, when prices are below equilibrium, the quantity demanded surpasses the quantity supplied. In retrospect, when prices are above equilibrium, quantity supplied exceeds the quantity demanded, which cause an excess. References 1) WiseGeek. (2010). What is Price Elasticity of Demand?. Retrieved from http://www. wisegeek. com/what-is-price-elasticity-of-demand. htm

Sunday, January 5, 2020

What Are Examples of Pure Substances

A pure substance or chemical substance is a material that has a constant composition (is homogeneous) and has consistent properties throughout the sample.  A pure substance participates in a chemical reaction to form predictable products. In chemistry, a pure substance consists only of one type of atom, molecule, or compound. In other disciplines, the definition extends to homogeneous mixtures. Key Takeaways: Pure Substance Examples In chemistry, a substance is pure if it has a homogeneous chemical composition. At the nanoscale, this only applies to a substance made up of one type of atom, molecule, or compound.In the more general sense, a pure substance is any homogeneous mixture. That is, it is matter that appears uniform in appearance and composition, no matter how small the sample size.Examples of pure substances include iron, steel, and water. Air is a homogeneous mixture that is often considered to be a pure substance. Here are examples of pure substances. Examples of pure substances include tin, sulfur, diamond, water, pure sugar (sucrose), table salt (sodium chloride) and baking soda (sodium bicarbonate). Crystals, in general, are pure substances.Tin, sulfur, and diamond are examples of pure substances which are chemical elements. All elements are pure substances. Sugar, salt, and baking soda are pure substances which are compounds. Examples of pure substances which are crystals include salt, diamond, protein crystals, and copper sulfate crystals.Depending on who you talk to, homogeneous mixtures may be considered examples of pure substances. Examples of homogeneous mixtures include vegetable oil, honey, and air. While these substances contain multiple types of molecules, their composition is consistent throughout a sample. If you add soot to air, it ceases to be a pure substance. Contaminants in water make it impure. Heterogeneous mixtures are not pure substances. Examples of materials which are not pure substances include gravel, your computer, a mixture of salt and sugar, and a tree. Tip for Recognizing Pure Substances If you can write a chemical formula for a substance or if it is a pure element, it is a pure substance! Sources Hill, J. W.; Petrucci, R. H.; McCreary, T. W.; Perry, S. S. (2005). General Chemistry (4th ed.). Pearson Prentice Hall. New Jersey.IUPAC (1997). Chemical Substance. Compendium of Chemical Terminology (2nd ed.)  doi:10.1351/goldbook.C01039

Thursday, December 19, 2019

1984 Psychological Manipulation Essay - 1568 Words

Controlling the Mind â€Å"BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU†(Orwell 2), is a saying that surrounds society in the classic novel 1984. The author, George Orwell provides his audience with an abundant amount of themes throughout his writing. One very prominent one is Orwell’s psychological manipulation of his characters. As characters within this society are constantly surrounded by sayings such as, â€Å"WAR IS PEACE†, â€Å"FREEDOM IS SLAVERY†, and â€Å"IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH†(Orwell 4), Orwell shows the ultimate type of control within his characters. Orwell is able to achieve such psychological manipulation in his characters through physical control and the abundance of technology. Without Orwell’s use of telescreens, his characters would be able to have their†¦show more content†¦As Orwell continues Winston’s physical torture, he develops psychological manipulation in Winston as he causes Winston s pain based on his thoughts and actions, as seen when â€Å"without any warning except a slight movement of O Brien s hand, a wave of pain flooded his body. It was a frightening pain, because he could not see what was happening, and he had the feeling that some mortal injury was being done to him.†(Orwell 244), causing Winston to begin agreeing with the Party’s ideals to stop the pain. As Winston’s torture continues, O’Brien claims â€Å"I have it in my power to inflict pain on you at any moment and to whatever degree I choose†(Orwell 245). This causes Winston to believe that O’Brien controls the pain, causing Winston to love O’Brien, as he can stop the pain. Throughout the process it is explained that there are three steps to the psychological manipulation project the government uses, and as O’Brien explains, â€Å"There is learning, there is understanding, and there is acceptance†(Orwell 260). With this, Orwell makes it obvious to the audience what he is doing, by using physical control to create psychological control. Orwell successfully manipulates Winston physiologically through his use of technology and advancements in telescreens, control of history, and control of language. Within the society, Winston is among few who have memories of the past world. While Winston feelsShow MoreRelated Psychological Manipulation in 1984 Essay1914 Words   |  8 Pages Nineteen Eighty-Four, by George Orwell, is a superb novel with outstanding themes. One of the most prominent themes found in this novel is psychological manipulation. Citizens in this society are subject to ever present signs declaring â€Å"BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU† (Orwell 1). Along with psychological manipulation, physical control takes place. The Party not only controls what people in Oceania think, but what they do as well. Technology is another important theme. Without the constant telescreensRead MoreWhat ´s Psychological Manipulation?814 Words   |  3 Pages Psychological Manipulation Essay Psychological manipulation can affect the lives of many by manipulating their emotions. Finding a way to psychologically manipulate a persons emotions or their thoughts could be a long and tedious process, and can only be mastered by few people. For these people who try to manipulate the behaviors of people will stop at nothing and fight hard to attain their goals. 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Describe Winston’s character as it relates to his attitude toward the Party. In what ways might his fatalistic streak contribute to his ultimate downfall? Cite examples from the text to prove your opinions. 2. How does technology affect the Party’s ability to control its citizensRead MoreFreedom vs Security - George Orwell, 19842554 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿Freedom vs. Security: 1984, a Mirror of Today’s Governments and their Methods of Mass Control Tanks to technology and, mostly, its applications in the field of communication, governments and business corporations from all around the world have now more power than ever to track and influence what we buy, what we listen to, what we read, what we watch and, ultimately, what we believe. Recent terrorist threats and armed conflicts that have taken place around the globe have prompted a general feelingRead MoreFrancess Kargbo. 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Without the knowledge of history people are vulnerable to manipulation and control. The absence of written language can also leave a physical impact. In Zora NealeRead MoreComparison between The Chrysalids and Brave New World892 Words   |  4 PagesStage 1 English Studies Extended Study – Connected Texts In this essay I will compare two novels which deal with similar themes but in significantly different ways: â€Å"The Chrysalids†, a science fiction novel by John Wyndham published in 1955 and â€Å"Brave New World†, a novel by Aldous Huxley published in 1932. The story in â€Å"The Chrysalids† takes place thousands of years in the future in a rural society similar to our world before the invention of modern technology such as telephones, cars, etcRead MoreThe Criteria for Good Literature1518 Words   |  7 Pagesabout. A good piece of literature is read and enthralls both the mind and heart. It makes the reader yearn for it and once more read it. Only then is it considered an excellent piece of literature. Based on the above definition of good literature, 1984 by George Orwell meets several of the criteria and can be classified as good literature. First, Orwell develops his characters in a strong powerful way, that as a reader I am able to fully understand them and at time connect to them, but still ponderRead MoreEating Disorders : Anorexia Nervosa1477 Words   |  6 Pageseating disorders: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder. They all involve serious disturbances in weight regulation and eating habits, accompanied by adverse effects on social, psychological and physical aspects of one’s life (‘Eating disorders: About more than food’, n.d.). This essay will specifically be focusing on bulimia nervosa, as research shows a higher level of stigma associated with it, compared to other eating disorders (Roehrig McLean, 2009). Bulimia nervosa is characterised

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Legalize Marijuana Essay Example For Students

Legalize Marijuana Essay The legalization of marijuana will reduce crime, narcotic drug use, and create a utopian society. Marijuanas effect on society is greatly over exaggerated in that marijuana acts as a scapegoat for many of societys problems. Marijuana is blamed today for being a gateway drug; this means that consumption of marijuana will lead to use of narcotic drugs, this claim has never been proven, the only grounds for it is that marijuana is a more widespread and more sampled drug. Furthermore, the legalization of marijuana would create potential tax revenue that would flow from a regulated market in marijuana. Marijuana grows throughout temperate regions, with more potent varieties produced in dry, hot, upland climates. Marijuana is defined as a cannabis plant; and or a preparation made from the dried flower clusters and leaves of the cannabis plant, smoked or eaten to induce euphoria (marijuana, 827, Websters). Euphoria is a feeling of great happiness or well being (euphoria, 468). Chronic marijuana users may develop a motivational syndrome characterized by passivity, decreased motivation, and preoccupation with taking drugs. The relationship of this syndrome to marijuana use, however, has not been established. Like alcohol intoxication, marijuana intoxication impairs judgment, comprehension, memory, speech, problem-solving ability, and reaction time. The effect of long-term use on the intellect is unknown. There is no evidence that marijuana induces or causes brain damage (marijuana 2, Microsoft). The Drug Enforcement Agency estimates that we presently have 20 million regular users of marijuana in the United States (Heerema 130). The inclusion of drug users within society is in turn based on the premise that the desire to alter consciousness is a normal human trait, a drive as deep as the need for food, shelter and love (Siegel 1989). Humans perceive the use of marijuana to alter their state of consciousness as being a basic instinct that seems harmless and natural. Prohibition creates crime; it does not solve crime. It creates a tension within society that society cannot long bear. However, because some members of society are more tolerant of drug use than others, the attempt at prohibition inevitably tears society apart. It seems to work, for a while, but sooner or later the prohibition approach becomes untenable if society is to grow rather than stagnate. In the long run, society gradually adapts to the changes made necessary by the failure of the War on Drugs; and the new drugs appear, and then the cycle starts over (Aldrich 548). Therefore, if society wants to continue to grow, we must allow its inhabitants to alter their state of consciousness by using marijuana. A legal, regulated drug supply (as alcohol, tobacco, coffee, tea, and prescription drugs) encourages people both socially and personally to use the smallest dosage and the lowest potency that will be effective. It encourages normalization and control of drug use, and discourages abuse. It accepts a certain social cost in that the use of these drugs will cause problems for some members of society; but it does not deny that drug use is human, and instead works through the problems presented by drug use in such a way as to minimize their harm. In exactly opposite fashion, the criminal approach to drug use encourages drug abuse, by attempting to cut off supply. This policy restriction makes the desired commodity scarce and difficult to obtain. In turn, the user wants as much as possible, in the highest possible potency, for hoarding as well as immediate use. This policy ignores the basic human urge to get high, discourages the controlled use of drugs, and offers no normal socialization, no internal or external controls, and no possibility of harm reduction. It puts even the casual or experimental user into the illicit drug subculture where abuse is more likely; and any attempt to encourage self-control, that is, showing people how to use drugs intelligently and in the least harmful way, is seen as condoning abuse (Weil and Rosen 1983). Genetics Engineering Essay Now it is only a matter of time before lobbying groups pressure the legislature to legalize it. Due to legalization many states will be able to grow marijuana as a cash crop, and the United States government will be able to tax .

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Program and Curriculum Planning

Introduction Preschoolers usually develop their vital skills for learning before the age of eight years in early childhood. A curriculum for preschoolers should foster skills that are developmentally appropriate for gaining academic advantages for later years. Failure to learn such skills among preschoolers can have severe consequences in later academic performance.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Program and Curriculum Planning specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The role of the administrator in the program and curriculum planning is different from that of the teacher National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) notes that administrator’s roles are mainly planning, implementing, and evaluating an early care and education program (National Association for the Education of Young Children, 2005). These roles entail both leadership and management activities. The administrator offers the staff a general idea of the curriculum for preschoolers. This is mainly in the curriculum mapping for preschoolers. The administrator organizes the publication of record for all classes for enhancing collaboration and support among teachers. The administrator’s roles become analogous in relation to the role of the teacher. In other words, the administrator clarifies the preferred performance and ensures that there are necessary conditions for achieving such performances. This may be necessary for setting a school continuum for successive years. In some cases, the administrator may work together with teachers in order to develop a suitable activity for learners as a way of facilitating the achievement of the desired goals. This also includes the provision of the necessary resources and discussion of the curriculum map with teachers. Administrators also provide guidance to teachers with regard to assessment of preschool learners’ performance. This maintains the relationship b etween school practices and the national, state, and local standards for a preschool curriculum. The administrator may also work with curriculum developers in order to enhance a diverse approach to curriculum development and planning. This may include the decision on the scope and sequence of the curriculum content. In this context, the administrator must ensure that curriculum developers update contents as learners become dynamic. In this regard, teachers must also note that teaching is dynamic and needs continual improvement to allow preschoolers to acquire the necessary skills.Advertising Looking for essay on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The administrator must also focus on the development of staff for learners. The administrator must ensure that teachers have adequate time and resources for staff development and training to plan for curricula implementation. In addition, he must encourage collaboration among teachers. Finally, the administrator must also engage parents in education of their children. This may require parents to contribute positively toward learning of their children. Learning and developmental needs of preschoolers Preschoolers are in the process of development, and they show interests in the surrounding environment. Preschoolers use all their senses to explore the world around them, which reflect their eagerness to learn through experiences and play. Such activities help them to develop skills in various areas of learning. Preschoolers experience physical development, social and emotional development with peers and intellectual development that allows them to express themselves. A developmentally appropriate program (DAP) for preschoolers must address three significant areas that cover developments in children. First, DAP must have skills that preschoolers need at their age based on research findings. The program must also account for diverse needs and backgrounds of e very learner. Finally, DAP should also reflect cultural and social backgrounds of learners. It is important for the administrator or the teacher to inquire about the â€Å"learner’s developmental history and family background† (Gadzikowski, 2013) during enrolement in the school. This assists teachers in understanding the child’s physical, social, emotional, and intellectual needs. Addressing cognitive, social, emotional, and physical development of preschoolers as well as classroom management and the daily schedule A balanced DAP should address physical, emotional, social, and cognitive needs of preschoolers. Curriculum developers must note that all these aspects are interrelated, and teachers must implement them simultaneously for preschoolers.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Program and Curriculum Planning specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The DAP must address physical and interactive needs of preschoolers because these are the major activities they do. Such activities may look like play to any observer, but a well-designed classroom encourages preschoolers to engage in social learning concerning themselves and their peers. Preschoolers’ programs should have songs and games together with cognitive developmental contents, which can develop literacy skills. Preschoolers can engage in the following activities: Playing Walking along straight and curved lines and learn about balancing Sorting objects Mixing colors Engaging in stories Songs and dance Make objects Classroom management should consist of having a leader to manage some tasks like paper passer, line leader, and snack leader among others. They can change roles on a weekly basis. The teacher should manage transition among preschoolers. The teacher can manage transition by helping preschoolers to finish their tasks as scheduled and proceed to the next activity. First, the teacher must have a set of daily a ctivities. Setting a structure shall help preschoolers to follow routines for a smooth transition. Second, the teacher should use a timer to control time management. He can signal learners and count for the last few left minutes to the end. Finally, the teacher can change the location of learners during different tasks. Such changes help learners to know specific locations for various activities. Teachers must plan their classroom management in advance for effective outcomes. The daily schedule helps the teacher to manage the classroom and daily activities. The teacher must assist preschoolers to manage their time for a smooth transition from one activity to another. The Daily Schedule Time Activity Explanation 8:30AM Arrival Teacher meets learners and take attendance record 8:30 – 9:30 Play Preschoolers play freely in the classroom 9:30 -10:00 Breakfast Preschoolers are likely to be hungry at this time 10:00 – 10:15 Socialization Learners exchange ideas, activities, objects, sing, dance 10:15 – 10:45 Content-related activity Learners engage in learning curriculum contents that reinforce skills e.g., arts, songs, painting 10:45 – 11:15 Math activity Preschoolers engage in number works 11:15 – 11:45 Theme-related activity Teacher selects specific activities for learners 11:45 – 12:15 Science, P.E, music Teacher must choose a specific day for these activities 12:15 – 12:30 Clean up Preschoolers tidy up classroom, wash hands, and prepare for lunch 12:30 – 1:30 Lunch break 1:30 -2:00 Outdoor activities Preschoolers may play outside the classroom 2:00 – 3:00 Independent reading Language study Teacher reads for the student after play At age four, children can recognize letters Teacher assesses the progress of learners on different skills 3:00 – 3:45 Art activities Activities may be related to themes as in the curriculum Creative expression among learners 3:45 â⠂¬â€œ 4:15 Independent play Preschoolers can play on their own 4:15 – 4:30 Snack Healthy snack for the kids 4:30 Going home and goodbye Teacher reminds learners of the day’s activities Explain how your program aligns with the philosophy, vision, and mission statements you created in Week One Preschoolers learn best by playing and interacting with others. The DAP aims to create relaxed environments for learners that enhance their interaction, play, and retention of concepts through theme-related contents, reading, language, mathematics, songs and independent play among others.Advertising Looking for essay on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More How the program aligns with NAEYC’s indicators of an effective curriculum This DAP is for preschoolers. Before the age of eight years, preschoolers need to develop their skills in physical, cognitive, social, emotional aspects of development. The NAEYC’s indicators for an effective curriculum emphasizes that a good DAP should be â€Å"thoughtfully planned, challenging, engaging, developmentally appropriate, culturally and linguistically responsive, comprehensive, and likely to promote positive outcomes for all young children† (National Association for the Education of Young Children, 2009). This DAP has included several activities to ensure that preschoolers are actively engaged in all learning process. There are clear aims based on evidence from effective methods of developing a curriculum for preschoolers. DAP also accounts for values in teaching as learners explore environments and play on their own. This is a comprehensive approach to preschoolers’ le arning activities, which also focus on theme-related contents from the national curriculum and align them with the local and state standards. It is likely to benefit preschoolers. The administrator ensures training and support for teachers with the required resources. DAP gives learners roles in the classroom as leaders, promotes the use of physical learning, effective program management, and healthy habits among learners. In addition, it recognizes the role of teachers in assessing learners’ progress. Overall, the program relies on â€Å"developmentally, culturally, and linguistically appropriate and effective teaching approaches that enhance each child’s learning and development in the context of the program’s curriculum goals† (National Association for the Education of Young Children, 2008). It is also consistent with the philosophy of preschoolers’ curriculum contents. References Gadzikowski, A. (2013). Administration of early childhood educati on programs. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. National Association for the Education of Young Children. (2005). Program Administrator Definition and Competencies. Web. National Association for the Education of Young Children. (2008). Overview of the NAEYC: Early Childhood Program Standards. Web. National Association for the Education of Young Children. (2009). Where We Stand on Curriculum, Assessment, and Program Evaluation. Web. This essay on Program and Curriculum Planning was written and submitted by user Kyleigh A. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.